Coronavirus outbreak

Selected articles

Adequacy of public health communications on H7N9 and MERS in Singapore: insights from a community based cross-sectional study

Title: Adequacy of public health communications on H7N9 and MERS in Singapore: insights from a community based cross-sectional study

Authors: Yan’an Hou, Yi-roe Tan, Wei Yen Lim, Vernon Lee, Linda Wei Lin Tan, Mark I-Cheng Chen & Peiling Yap


Background: Singapore remains vulnerable to worldwide epidemics due to high air traffic with other countries This study aims to measure the public’s awareness of the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) and Avian Influenza A (H7N9), identify population groups who are uninformed or misinformed about the diseases, understand their choice of outbreak information source, and assess the effectiveness of communication channels in Singapore.

Methods: A cross-sectional study, comprising of face-to-face interviews, was conducted between June and December 2013 to assess the public’s awareness and knowledge of MERS and H7N9, including their choice of information source. Respondents were randomly selected and recruited from 3 existing cohort studies. An opportunistic sampling approach was also used to recruit new participants or members in the same household through referrals from existing participants.

Results: Out of 2969 participants, 53.2% and 79.4% were not aware of H7N9 and MERS respectively. Participants who were older and better educated were most likely to hear about the diseases. The mean total knowledge score was 9.2 (S.D ± 2.3) out of 20, and 5.9 (S.D ± 1.2) out of 10 for H7N9 and MERS respectively. Participants who were Chinese, more educated and older had better knowledge of the diseases. Television and radio were the primary sources of outbreak information regardless of socio-demographic factors.

Conclusion: Heightening education of infectious outbreaks through appropriate media to the young and less educated could increase awareness.

Coronavirus outbreak

This timespace follows the World Health Organization's situation reports regarding the COVID-19 outbreak that started in Hubei, China, in January 2020. Cover photograph taken in Japan by Jérémy Stenuit.

44 cases in China Thailand confirms the first imported case of 2019-nCoV Japan confirms first imported case of 2019-nCoV First case in the Republic of Korea First case reported in the United States of America First cases in Europe and Oceania First case in Malaysia First case in Canada Cambodia, Sri Lanka and Germany report cases First cases in the Eastern Mediterranean First cases in Finland, India and the Philippines First cases reported in Italy Several new cases in Europe 10 cases reported aboard the Cruise Ship Diamond Princess First cases in Belgium First reported case in the African continent, in Egypt First case in Iran First cases in Lebanon and Israel First case in Kuwait Cases in four new countries Cases in four new countries Nine new countries and territories report cases Cases reported in five new countries Cases in Mexico and San Marino are reported Azerbaijan, Ecuador, Ireland, Monaco and Qatar report cases Six new countries and regions report cases Eight new countries report cases Argentina, Chile, Poland and Ukraine report cases Five new countries report cases Four new countries Five territories report cases Eight new countries report cases Three new countries report cases Five new countries report cases Four new countries report cases Four new countries report cases Five new countries Twelve new countries Nine new areas report cases Four new countries report cases Eight new countries report cases Montenegro reports first COVID-19 case Seven new countries report cases Six new countries report cases Six new regions report cases Four new countries report cases Three new countries report cases Four new countries report cases First cases in Laos and Lybia are reported First cases in Mali, Guine Bissau and St Kitts and Nevis Anguilla and British Virgin Islands report cases Mariana Islands report first case
282 314 581 846 1.320 2.014 2.798 4.593 6.065 7.818 9.826 11.953 14.557 17.391 20.630 24.554 28.276 31.481 34.886 37.558 40.554 43.103 45.171 46.997 49.053 50.580 51.857 71.429 (change in data) 73.332 75.204 75.748 76.769 77.794 78.811 79.331 80.239 81.109 82.294 83.652 85.403 87.137 88.948 90.869 93.091 95.324 98.192 101.927 105.586 109.577 113.702 118.319 125.260 132.758 142.534 153.517 167.511 179.111 191.127 209.839 234.073 266.073 292.142 332.930 372.757 413.467 462.684 590.299 656.690 715.083 772.025 846.251 925.050 1.005.806 1.087.374 1.192.618 1.262.304 1.330.955 1.416.426 1.498.013 1.524.375 1.586.326 1.684.281 1.767.000 1.841.123 1.912.438 1.985.135 2.069.280 2.168.778 2.225.603 2.313.897 2.395.636 2.467.524 2.543.588 2.621.436 2.701.060 2.810.214 2.902.708 2.982.647 3.050.584 3.118.590 3.197.198 3.292.489 3.383.501 3.467.466 3.553.313 3.631.354 3.709.196 3.798.341 3.894.917 3.989.304 4.077.955 4.161.925 4.238.201 4.324.731 4.400.953 4.500.850 4.603.043 4.696.927 4.779.034 4.865.014 4.964.032 5.047.263 5.164.133 5.269.157 5.378.209 5.471.145 5.563.467 5.646.287 5.748.853 5.862.914 5.990.341 6.102.571 6.229.886 6.332.783 6.443.414 6.523.294 6.655.372 6.789.308 6.931.068 7.055.611 7.159.292 7.273.272 7.398.237 7.546.633 7.680.325 7.824.695 7.948.001 8.069.298 8.204.006 8.346.709 8.529.205 8.699.133 8.859.147 9.005.740 9.127.970 9.285.799 9.450.092 9.647.552 9.825.416 10.008.027 10.186.561 10.341.165 10.509.683 10.709.940 10.930.474 11.111.775 11.307.066 11.496.761 11.666.145 11.856.591 12.066.987 12.305.301 12.541.141 12.750.996 12.978.576 13.605.764 13.846.671 13.717.903 14.105.110 14.329.637 14.569.115 14.773.738 14.987.182 15.245.954 15.546.857 15.837.722 16.100.985 16.338.004 16.555.731 16.797.844 17.053.161 17.350.591 17.646.260 17.915.901 18.155.174 18.370.708 18.254.639 18.588.525 18.857.780 18.727.238 19.139.972 19.422.544 19.721.578 19.942.155 20.158.032 20.403.298 20.689.293 20.830.254
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Adequacy of public health communications on H7N9 and MERS in Singapore: insights from a community based cross-sectional study
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